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Immigration is the primary source of Canada’s labour force growth

From 2016 to 2021, 1.3 million new immigrants came to Canada permanently - the highest number of recent immigrants recorded in a Canadian census. In the 2021 Census, nearly one-fourth of the people counted were, or had ever been, landed immigrants or permanent residents in Canada. By 2032, it is projected that immigration will be the only driving force behind Canada's population growth. The Canadian population is aging, and the share of working adults relative to retirees will decrease to 2 to 1 in 2035.


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